Monika Bulaj: The hidden light of Afghanistan

33,899 views ・ 2011-12-12

TED


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翻译人员: Chunxiang Qian 校对人员: Angelia King
00:15
My travels to Afghanistan
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很多年以前
00:18
began many, many years ago
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我的阿富汗之旅始于
00:21
on the eastern border of my country,
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我的祖国-
00:24
my homeland, Poland.
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波兰的东部边境
00:27
I was walking through the forests
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我走过祖母讲过的
00:29
of my grandmother's tales.
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故事里的树林
00:33
A land where every field hides a grave,
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一片到处是坟墓的土地
00:38
where millions of people
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20世纪的时候
00:40
have been deported or killed
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那里有成千上万的人
00:43
in the 20th century.
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被杀害或流放
00:46
Behind the destruction,
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在这毁灭之地的背后
00:48
I found a soul of places.
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我找到了这儿的灵魂
00:51
I met humble people.
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我遇到谦卑的人们
00:53
I heard their prayer
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倾听他们的祷告
00:55
and ate their bread.
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享用他们的食物
00:57
Then I have been walking East for 20 years --
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我这样一直向东走了二十年-
01:02
from Eastern Europe to Central Asia --
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从东欧走到了中亚-
01:05
through the Caucasus Mountains,
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越过了高加索山脉
01:07
Middle East,
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中东
01:09
North Africa,
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北非
01:11
Russia.
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俄罗斯
01:13
And I ever met more humble people.
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遇见更多谦卑的人
01:17
And I shared their bread and their prayer.
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倾听他们的祷告并分享他们的食物
01:20
This is why I went to Afghanistan.
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这是我前往阿富汗的原因
01:23
One day, I crossed the bridge
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有天我走过
01:27
over the Oxus River.
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奥克苏斯河上的桥
01:29
I was alone on foot.
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只身一人徒步前行
01:31
And the Afghan soldier was so surprised to see me
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阿富汗士兵看到我无比惊讶
01:33
that he forgot to stamp my passport.
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甚至忘了在我护照上盖章
01:36
But he gave me a cup of tea.
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但他给了我一杯茶
01:38
And I understood
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我明白
01:40
that his surprise was my protection.
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他惊讶于我的毫无装备
01:43
So I have been walking and traveling,
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我在旅途中
01:46
by horses, by yak, by truck, by hitchhiking,
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骑过马,牦牛,坐过卡车,搭过便车
01:49
from Iran's border
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一路从伊朗边境
01:51
to the bottom, to the edge of the Wakhan Corridor.
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一直到瓦罕走廊
01:56
And in this way
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这途中
01:58
I could find noor, the hidden light of Afghanistan.
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我找到了光明,找到阿富汗的隐匿之光
02:05
My only weapon
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我唯一的武器
02:07
was my notebook and my Leica.
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就是我的笔记本和莱卡
02:12
I heard prayers of the Sufi --
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我听过苏菲人的祈祷-
02:14
humble Muslims,
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谦卑的穆斯林
02:16
hated by the Taliban.
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承受着塔利班的仇恨
02:18
Hidden river,
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这隐匿的河流
02:20
interconnected with the mysticism
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连接着从直布罗陀
02:22
from Gibraltar to India.
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直到印度的神秘
02:25
The mosque where the respectful foreigner
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清真寺里 心怀敬畏的外国人
02:30
is showered with blessings
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接受祝福
02:32
and with tears,
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和泪水的洗礼
02:35
and welcomed as a gift.
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并受到欢迎
02:39
What do we know
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对于这个国家
02:41
about the country and the people
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和我们假装保护的人们
02:43
that we pretend to protect,
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我们了解多少
02:46
about the villages
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对于那些
02:49
where the only one medicine
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只能用鸦片来止痛和抵御饥饿的
02:51
to kill the pain and to stop the hunger
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遥远村庄
02:53
is opium?
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我们又了解多少
02:55
These are opium-addicted people
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这些是鸦片成瘾的人们
02:58
on the roofs of Kabul
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在喀布尔的屋顶上
03:01
10 years after the beginning of our war.
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这是阿富汗战后10年
03:05
These are the nomad girls
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她们是牧民女孩儿
03:08
who became prostitutes for Afghan businessmen.
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成为阿富汗生意人的妓女
03:12
What do we know about the women
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战后10年 我们对这些女性
03:14
10 years after the war?
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又了解多少?
03:16
Clothed in this nylon bag,
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她们穿着尼龙袋子
03:18
made in China,
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产自中国的
03:20
with the name of burqa.
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叫做布卡
03:24
I saw one day,
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有一天
03:26
the largest school in Afghanistan,
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我看到了阿富汗最大的学校
03:29
a girls' school.
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一个女子学校
03:31
13,000 girls
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13,000名女孩子
03:34
studying here
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在地下室里
03:38
in the rooms underground,
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学习
03:41
full of scorpions.
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房间里到处是蝎子
03:44
And their love [for studying]
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还有她们对学习的热爱
03:47
was so big that I cried.
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我不禁流泪了
03:52
What do we know
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我们对
03:54
about the death threats by the Taliban
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在巴尔赫 因为把女儿送进学校
03:57
nailed on the doors
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而日日饱受
03:59
of the people who dare to send their daughters to school as in Balkh?
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塔利班死亡威胁的人们又了解多少?
04:05
The region is not secure, but full of the Taliban,
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这个地区充满危险,到处是塔利班势力
04:08
and they did it.
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是他们带来了危险
04:10
My aim is to give a voice
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我的目标是代替这些
04:12
to the silent people,
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沉默的人们发出呐喊
04:15
to show the hidden lights
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昭示巨大阴谋幕帘背后的
04:19
behind the curtain of the great game,
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隐匿之光
04:22
the small worlds ignored by the media
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让这个被媒体和解决世界冲突的先驱者
04:25
and the prophets of a global conflict.
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遗忘的世界得到光明
04:27
Thanks.
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谢谢
04:29
(Applause)
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(掌声)
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