Alisa Miller: The news about the news

136,860 views

2008-05-21 ・ TED


New video

Alisa Miller: The news about the news

136,860 views ・ 2008-05-21

TED


Please double-click on the English subtitles below to play the video.

Translator: Melissa Barnes
00:18
How does the news shape the way we see the world?
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Hao nao ol nius we i kamaot long ol niuspepa mo narafala wei emi stiarem ol lukluk we yumi gat long saed long wol tedei?
00:22
Here's the world based on the way it looks -- based on landmass.
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Hem nao wol we yumi luk luk long hem. Ol difren graon blong wol i luk olsem ia.
00:28
And here's how news shapes what Americans see.
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Mo ol nius emi jenjem tin-ting blong ol man Amerika olsem ia nao
00:35
This map -- (Applause) -- this map shows the number of seconds
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Map ia. Map ia i soem nam blong ol seken
00:49
that American network and cable news organizations dedicated to news stories,
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we olgeta nwetwok blong nius blong Amerika mo ol rigin nius oganaesesen i bin yusum blong talemaot stori long saed blong ol nius
00:54
by country, in February of 2007 -- just one year ago.
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long everi kantri raon long wol, long Februari 2007-wan yia i pas nomo.
00:59
Now, this was a month when North Korea agreed to dismantle its nuclear facilities.
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Nao long manis ia nao Not Korea i bin agri blong pispisim ol niuklia wok blong olgeta.
01:05
There was massive flooding in Indonesia.
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Long Indonesia i gat wan bigfala wota i bin ron
01:09
And in Paris, the IPCC released its study confirming man's impact on global warming.
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mo long Paris, IPCC i bin rilisim wan stadi we i talemaot wok blong ol man long saed long global woming.
01:17
The U.S. accounted for 79 percent of total news coverage.
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U.S. nomo hemi bin risponsibol from 79 % long ful kavarej blong ol nius ia
01:22
And when we take out the U.S. and look at the remaining 21 percent,
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mo taem we yumi tekemaot U.S. mo luk luk long narafala 21 %
01:27
we see a lot of Iraq -- that's that big green thing there -- and little else.
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yumi luk plante long Iraq – hemia bigfala grin samting ia long wei – i nogat tumas narafala samting
01:34
The combined coverage of Russia, China and India, for example, reached just one percent.
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Tugeta kavarej blong Rasia, Jaena mo India i kasem 1 % nomo.
01:42
When we analyzed all the news stories and removed just one story,
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Taem we mifala i putum tugeta ol storian long nius ia mo karemaot wan storian nomo
01:48
here's how the world looked.
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hemi soem olsem wanem nao wol hemi luk luk
01:50
What was that story? The death of Anna Nicole Smith.
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Wanem nao storian ia? Hemi nius blong ded blong Anna Nicole Smith.
01:57
This story eclipsed every country except Iraq,
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Storian ia i bin go long everi kantri long wol be i no kasem Iraq nomo.
02:00
and received 10 times the coverage of the IPCC report.
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Mo storian ia i risivim 10 taem bitem kavarej blong ripot blong IPCC.
02:06
And the cycle continues;
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mo storian hemi koraon bageken;
02:08
as we all know, Britney has loomed pretty large lately.
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olsem yumi save finis – i bin gat planti nius i go raon abaot woman ia Britney.
02:11
So, why don't we hear more about the world?
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Be from wanem nao yumi no harem tumas nius long saed blong ol narafala kantri long wol?
02:14
One reason is that news networks have reduced the number of their foreign bureaus by half.
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Wan stamba tingting hemi from se ol netwok blong nius oli bin katem haf namba blong ol ofis blong olgeta ovasi.
02:20
Aside from one-person ABC mini-bureaus in Nairobi, New Delhi and Mumbai,
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I gat smol ofis blong nius blong ABC nomo i stap long Nairobi, New Delhi, mo Mumbai
02:29
there are no network news bureaus in all of Africa, India or South America
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Be i nogat wan ofis blong nius long Afrika, India mo Saot Amerika
02:37
-- places that are home to more than two billion people.
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- ol ples ia nao oli haos blong bitim tu billion man
02:43
The reality is that covering Britney is cheaper.
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Long tru laef, storian long saed blong woman ia Britney hemi jip nomo
02:48
And this lack of global coverage is all the more disturbing
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mo taem i nogat tumas nius long saed blong ol narafala kantri hemi no gud.
02:51
when we see where people go for news.
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Taem yumi luk luk ol ples we ol man oli go blong kasem nius
02:54
Local TV news looms large,
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nius long TV blong netwok we i stap long wanwan kantri blong yumi -USA- hemi big wan moa
02:58
and unfortunately only dedicates 12 percent of its coverage to international news.
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be sori tumas ol storian ia i gat 12 % nomo i stap kavaremap intanasonal nius
03:03
And what about the web?
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Be olsem wanem long saed blong intanet?
03:05
The most popular news sites don't do much better.
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Ol popula websaet blong nius i nogat tumas nius long hem.
03:09
Last year, Pew and the Colombia J-School analyzed the 14,000 stories
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Long las yia, Pew mo Colombia J-School, olgeta oli bin luk luk long planti nuis storian, we i bitim 14,000 stori
03:14
that appeared on Google News' front page.
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we i kamaot long fored blong google
03:17
And they, in fact, covered the same 24 news events.
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mo olgeta ia tu i stap storian long ol semak nuis nomo we i bin kamaot finis
03:21
Similarly, a study in e-content showed that much of global news from U.S. news creators
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mo tu, stadi ia, i telemoat se ol nuis netwok blong US oli stap storian long saed blong ol narafala kantri
03:26
is recycled stories from the AP wire services and Reuters,
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mo ol storian ia oli semak long ol storian blong ol AP waea sevis mo reutas.
03:30
and don't put things into a context that people can understand their connection to it.
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mo olgeta ia i no tanem nius ia nating blong mekem sua se ol man oli save kasem evri samting long storian ia
03:34
So, if you put it all together, this could help explain why today's college graduates,
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sapos yu putum tugeta olgeta samting ia, bae hemi save telemoat from wanem nao ol man we oli bin finisim Univesiti
03:39
as well as less educated Americans,
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mo ol man Amerika we oli no skul gud
03:41
know less about the world than their counterparts did 20 years ago.
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oli no save plante abot wol bitim ol fren blong olgeta 20 yia i pas finis
03:44
And if you think it's simply because we are not interested,
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mo sapos yu ting se hemi from se ol man Amerika i no gat tumas interes
03:50
you would be wrong.
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hemi no stret ting ting
03:52
In recent years, Americans who say they closely follow global news most of the time
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i no long taem nating i pas, taem mifala i bin toktok long ol man Amerika we oli stap folem ol nius oltaem
03:59
grew to over 50 percent.
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oli bin go antap long 50 %
04:01
The real question: is this distorted worldview what we want for Americans
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Stret kwestin hemi : hemia stret luk luk long wol we yumi wantem blong ol man Amerika
04:09
in our increasingly interconnected world?
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long wol tedei we i nogat gudfala koneksen oltaem.
04:12
I know we can do better.
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Mi save se yumi save mekem i moa gud.
04:15
And can we afford not to? Thank you.
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Bae yumi save mekem o nogat? Tank yu tumas.
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