Marcin Jakubowski: Open-sourced blueprints for civilization

187,829 views ใƒป 2011-04-19

TED


์•„๋ž˜ ์˜๋ฌธ์ž๋ง‰์„ ๋”๋ธ”ํด๋ฆญํ•˜์‹œ๋ฉด ์˜์ƒ์ด ์žฌ์ƒ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋ฒˆ์—ญ: JY Kang ๊ฒ€ํ† : J J LEE
00:15
Hi, my name is Marcin --
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์•ˆ๋…•ํ•˜์„ธ์š”. ์ €๋Š” ๋งˆ๋ฅด์นœ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:18
farmer, technologist.
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๋†๋ถ€์ด์ž ๊ณผํ•™ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์ž์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:20
I was born in Poland, now in the U.S.
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ํด๋ž€๋“œ์—์„œ ํƒœ์–ด๋‚˜ ์ง€๊ธˆ์€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์—์„œ ์‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:23
I started a group called Open Source Ecology.
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์ €๋Š” 'Open Source Ecology'๋ผ๋Š” ๋‹จ์ฒด๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ค์—ˆ๋Š”๋ฐ์š”.
00:26
We've identified the 50 most important machines
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์ €ํฌ๋Š” ํ˜„๋Œ€์ ์ธ ์‚ถ์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ•„์š”ํ•˜๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐ๋˜๋Š”
00:28
that we think it takes for modern life to exist --
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50์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ค‘์š”ํ•œ ๊ธฐ๊ณ„๋ฅผ ์„ ์ •ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:31
things from tractors,
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ํŠธ๋ž™ํ„ฐ, ๋นต ์˜ค๋ธ,
00:33
bread ovens, circuit makers.
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ํšŒ๋กœ ์ œ์ž‘๊ธฐ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฒƒ๋“ค์ด์ฃ .
00:35
Then we set out to create
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๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„œ ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋“ ์ง€
00:37
an open source, DIY, do it yourself version
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์ ์€ ๋น„์šฉ์œผ๋กœ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ณ  ์œ ์ง€ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋ก
00:40
that anyone can build and maintain
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๊ฐœ๋ฐฉํ˜• ์†Œ์Šค, DIY์˜ ์ž๊ฐ€์ œ์ž‘ ๋ฒ„์ „์„
00:42
at a fraction of the cost.
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๋งŒ๋“œ๋Š” ์ผ์— ์ฐฉ์ˆ˜ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:44
We call this the Global Village Construction Set.
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์ €ํฌ๋Š” ์ด๊ฒƒ์„ '์ง€๊ตฌ์ดŒ ๊ฑด์„ค ์„ธํŠธ'๋ผ๊ณ  ๋ถ€๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:46
So let me tell you a story.
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์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋ฅผ ๋“ค๋ ค๋“œ๋ฆฌ์ฃ .
00:48
So I finished my 20s
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์ €๋Š” 20๋Œ€์— ์œตํ•ฉ์—๋„ˆ์ง€ ๊ด€ํ•œ
00:50
with a Ph.D. in fusion energy,
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๋ฐ•์‚ฌํ•™์œ„๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›์•˜์ง€๋งŒ,
00:52
and I discovered I was useless.
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์ œ๊ฐ€ ์“ธ๋ชจ ์—†๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊นจ๋‹ฌ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
00:55
I had no practical skills.
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์‹ค์šฉ์ ์ธ ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์ด ์—†์—ˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด์ฃ .
00:57
The world presented me with options,
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๋‚จ๊ฒจ์ง„ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ๊ฐ€์ง€ ์„ ํƒ์‚ฌํ•ญ ์ค‘์—์„œ
00:59
and I took them.
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์ „ ํ•œ๊ฐ€์ง€ ๊ธธ์„ ์„ ํƒํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:01
I guess you can call it the consumer lifestyle.
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๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ์†Œ๋น„์ž ์ƒํ™œ๋ฐฉ์‹์œผ๋กœ ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์œผ๋ฆฌ๋ผ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:03
So I started a farm in Missouri
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์ €๋Š” ๋ฏธ์ฃผ๋ฆฌ์ฃผ์—์„œ ๋†์žฅ์„ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ–ˆ๊ณ ,
01:06
and learned about the economics of farming.
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๋†์‚ฌ์ผ์„ ํ†ตํ•ด ๊ฒฝ์ œํ•™์„ ๋ฐฐ์› ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:09
I bought a tractor -- then it broke.
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์ „ ํŠธ๋ž™ํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ๊ตฌ์ž…ํ–ˆ๊ณ , ๊ณง๋ฐ”๋กœ ๊ณ ์žฅ์ด ๋‚ฌ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:12
I paid to get it repaired --
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๊ทธ๊ฑธ ์ˆ˜๋ฆฌํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ๋ˆ์ด ๋“ค์—ˆ์ฃ .
01:14
then it broke again.
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๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„œ ๋˜ ๊ณ ์žฅ์ด ๋‚ฌ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:16
Then pretty soon,
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์–ผ๋งˆ ์ง€๋‚˜์ง€ ์•Š์•„
01:18
I was broke too.
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์ œ ๋ˆ๋„ ๋ฐ”๋‹ฅ๋‚ฌ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:20
I realized
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๊ทธ ๋•Œ ์ €๋Š”
01:22
that the truly appropriate, low-cost tools that I needed
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๋†์žฅ์„ ์œ ์ง€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์ •์ฐฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ์— ํ•„์š”ํ•œ
01:25
to start a sustainable farm and settlement
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์ •๋ง ์ ๋‹นํ•œ, ์ €๊ฐ€์˜ ๋„๊ตฌ๋“ค์€
01:28
just didn't exist yet.
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์–ด๋””์—๋„ ์—†๋‹ค๋Š” ์‚ฌ์‹ค์„ ๊นจ๋‹ฌ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:30
I needed tools that were robust, modular,
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์ €๋Š” ํŠผํŠผํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์กฐ๋ฆฝ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ณ ,
01:33
highly efficient and optimized,
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๊ณ ์„ฑ๋Šฅ์ด๋ฉด์„œ ํšจ๊ณผ์ ์ด๊ณ ,
01:35
low-cost,
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๊ฐ’๋„ ์‹ธ๋ฉฐ,
01:37
made from local and recycled materials that would last a lifetime,
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ํ‰์ƒ์ง€์†๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ณ  ๊ตฌํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‰ฌ์šด ์žฌํ™œ์šฉ ์†Œ์žฌ์ด๊ณ ,
01:40
not designed for obsolescence.
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๋””์ž์ธ์ด ์ง„๋ถ€ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ๋„๊ตฌ๋“ค์ด ํ•„์š”ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:42
I found that I would have to build them myself.
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๊ฒฐ๊ตญ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ๊ฑด ์ œ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์•ผ๋งŒ ํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ์•˜์ฃ .
01:45
So I did just that.
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๊ทธ๋ž˜์„œ ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:48
And I tested them.
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ํ…Œ์ŠคํŠธ๋„ ํ–ˆ๊ตฌ์š”.
01:51
And I found that industrial productivity
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์†Œ๊ทœ๋ชจ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์œผ๋กœ๋„ ์ƒ์‚ฐ์„ฑ์ด
01:54
can be achieved on a small scale.
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๋‹ฌ์„ฑ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์•Œ์•˜์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
01:57
So then I published the 3D designs,
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๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๋‚˜์„œ ์ €๋Š” ์œ„ํ‚ค์—
02:00
schematics,
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3D ๋””์ž์ธ๊ณผ
02:02
instructional videos and budgets
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์„ค๊ณ„๋„, ๊ต์œก์šฉ ์˜์ƒ๊ณผ ๊ฒฝ๋น„๋ฅผ
02:05
on a wiki.
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๊ฒŒ์žฌํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:07
Then contributors from all over the world
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๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ์ž ์ „์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ์ฐธ์—ฌ์ž๋“ค์ด ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜
02:09
began showing up, prototyping new machines
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ํ—Œ์‹ ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ฐธ์—ฌํ•˜๋Š” ๋™์•ˆ
02:12
during dedicated project visits.
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์ƒˆ๋กœ์šด ์žฅ๋น„์˜ ์‹œ์ œํ’ˆ๋„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ฌ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:14
So far, we have prototyped eight of the 50 machines.
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์ด์ œ๊นŒ์ง€ 50์ข… ์ค‘ 8์ข…์˜ ์‹œ์ œํ’ˆ ์žฅ๋น„๊ฐ€ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:17
And now the project
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์ด์ œ ์ด ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ๋Š”
02:19
is beginning to grow on its own.
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์ €์ ˆ๋กœ ์„ฑ์žฅํ•˜๊ธฐ ์‹œ์ž‘ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:22
We know that open source has succeeded
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์•Œ๋‹ค์‹œํ”ผ, ๊ฐœ๋ฐฉํ˜• ์†Œ์Šค๋Š” ์ง€์‹๊ณผ ์ฐฝ์กฐ์„ฑ์„
02:24
with tools for managing knowledge and creativity.
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๊ด€๋ฆฌํ•˜๋Š” ๋„๊ตฌ๋กœ์„œ ์„ฑ๊ณต์ ์ด์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:27
And the same is starting to happen with hardware too.
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ํ•˜๋“œ์›จ์–ด ์ธก๋ฉด์—์„œ๋„ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ผ์ด ๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:30
We're focusing on hardware
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์ €ํฌ๊ฐ€ ํ•˜๋“œ์›จ์–ด ์ธก๋ฉด์—
02:32
because it is hardware that can change people's lives
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๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๋‘๋Š” ์ด์œ ๋Š”, ์œ ํ˜•์˜ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์‚ถ์„
02:35
in such tangible material ways.
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๋ณ€ํ™”์‹œํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:38
If we can lower the barriers to farming, building, manufacturing,
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๋†์—…, ๊ฑด์ถ•์—…, ์ œ์กฐ์—…์˜ ์ง„์ž…์žฅ๋ฒฝ์„ ๋‚ฎ์ถœ ์ˆ˜๋งŒ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด,
02:41
then we can unleash just massive amounts of human potential.
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์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ์—„์ฒญ๋‚œ ์ž ์žฌ๋ ฅ์„ ๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ ์ผ์œผํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:44
That's not only in the developing world.
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์ด ์‚ฌ์‹ค์€ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๋„์ƒ๊ตญ์—๋งŒ ํ•ด๋‹น๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:47
Our tools are being made
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์šฐ๋ฆฌ ์žฅ๋น„๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์˜ ๋†๋ถ€,
02:49
for the American farmer, builder, entrepreneur, maker.
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๊ฑด์ถ•์—…์ž, ๊ธฐ์—…๊ฐ€, ์ œ์กฐ์—…์ž์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋งŒ๋“ค์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
02:52
We've seen lots of excitement from these people,
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์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ฑด์„ค์—…, ๋ถ€ํ’ˆ ์ œ์กฐ์—…, ์œ ๊ธฐ๋† ์ง๊ฑฐ๋ž˜,
02:54
who can now start a construction business,
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์ „๋ ฅ์‚ฌ์— ์ „๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๋˜ํŒŒ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„
02:56
parts manufacturing,
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์‹œ์ž‘ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์‚ฌ์‹ค์—
02:58
organic CSA
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๊ธฐ๋ปํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„
03:00
or just selling power back to the grid.
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๋งŽ์ด ๋ด์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:04
Our goal is a repository of published designs
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์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๋Š” ๊ณต๊ฐœ ๋””์ž์ธ์„
03:06
so clear, so complete,
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๋ช…ํ™•ํ•œ ๋‚ด์šฉ์œผ๋กœ ์™„์„ฑ์‹œํ‚ค๊ณ ,
03:08
that a single burned DVD
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์ด ๋‚ด์šฉ์„ ๋‹ด์€ ํ•œ์žฅ์˜ DVD๊ฐ€
03:10
is effectively a civilization starter kit.
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๋ฌธ๋ช…์˜ ์‹œ์ž‘์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ํšจ๊ณผ์ ์ธ ๋„๊ตฌ๊ฐ€ ๋˜๋„๋ก ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:16
I've planted a hundred trees in a day.
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์ „ ํ•˜๋ฃจ 100๊ทธ๋ฃจ ์ •๋„์˜ ๋‚˜๋ฌด๋ฅผ ์‹ฌ์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:19
I've pressed 5,000 bricks in one day
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๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์ œ ๋ฐœ ์•„๋ž˜ ํ™์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ 
03:22
from the dirt beneath my feet
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ํ•˜๋ฃจ 5,000์žฅ์˜ ๋ฒฝ๋Œ์„ ์ฐ์–ด ๋ƒˆ์ฃ .
03:26
and built a tractor in six days.
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๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฟ์ƒˆ๋งŒ์— ํŠธ๋ž™ํ„ฐ ํ•œ ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ค์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:29
From what I've seen, this is only the beginning.
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์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์ด์ œ ์‹œ์ž‘์— ๋ถˆ๊ณผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:32
If this idea is truly sound,
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์ด ์•„์ด๋””์–ด๊ฐ€ ์ง„์งœ ํƒ€๋‹นํ•˜๋‹ค๋ฉด,
03:35
then the implications are significant.
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๊ทธ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋Š” ์—„์ฒญ๋‚  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:38
A greater distribution of the means of production,
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์ œ์ž‘๋ฐฉ๋ฒ• ๋ณด๊ธ‰์˜ ํ™•๋Œ€,
03:41
environmentally sound supply chains,
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ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์นœํ™”์  ๊ณต๊ธ‰๋ง,
03:44
and a newly relevant DIY maker culture
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์ƒˆ๋กœ์ด ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚˜๋Š” DIY ์ œ์ž‘ ๋ฌธํ™”๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ•ด
03:48
can hope to transcend
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์žฅ๋น„ ๋ณด๊ธ‰์˜ ์ธ์œ„์  ๊ฒฐํ•์ด ํ•ด์†Œ๋˜๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
03:50
artificial scarcity.
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(ํ™”๋ฉด : ์•„์ด๋””์–ด๊ฐ€ ํ˜„์‹ค๋กœ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์กŒ์„ ๋•Œ๋ณด๋‹ค ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์€ ์—†๋‹ค - ๋น…ํ† ๋ฅด ์œ„๊ณ )
03:53
We're exploring the limits
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์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ฐœ๋ฐฉ์  ํ•˜๋“œ์›จ์–ด ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์„ ์ด์šฉํ•ด์„œ
03:55
of what we all can do to make a better world
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๋” ๋‚˜์€ ์„ธ๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ๋…ธ๋ ฅ์˜ ํ•œ๊ณ„์—
03:58
with open hardware technology.
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๋„์ „ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
04:00
Thank you.
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๊ฐ์‚ฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.
04:02
(Applause)
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(๋ฐ•์ˆ˜)
์ด ์›น์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ ์ •๋ณด

์ด ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋Š” ์˜์–ด ํ•™์Šต์— ์œ ์šฉํ•œ YouTube ๋™์˜์ƒ์„ ์†Œ๊ฐœํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„ ์ตœ๊ณ ์˜ ์„ ์ƒ๋‹˜๋“ค์ด ๊ฐ€๋ฅด์น˜๋Š” ์˜์–ด ์ˆ˜์—…์„ ๋ณด๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฐ ๋™์˜์ƒ ํŽ˜์ด์ง€์— ํ‘œ์‹œ๋˜๋Š” ์˜์–ด ์ž๋ง‰์„ ๋”๋ธ” ํด๋ฆญํ•˜๋ฉด ๊ทธ๊ณณ์—์„œ ๋™์˜์ƒ์ด ์žฌ์ƒ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋น„๋””์˜ค ์žฌ์ƒ์— ๋งž์ถฐ ์ž๋ง‰์ด ์Šคํฌ๋กค๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์˜๊ฒฌ์ด๋‚˜ ์š”์ฒญ์ด ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์ด ๋ฌธ์˜ ์–‘์‹์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ฌธ์˜ํ•˜์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค.

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