An ultra-low-cost college degree | Shai Reshef

4,879,798 views ・ 2014-08-04

TED


μ•„λž˜ μ˜λ¬Έμžλ§‰μ„ λ”λΈ”ν΄λ¦­ν•˜μ‹œλ©΄ μ˜μƒμ΄ μž¬μƒλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.

λ²ˆμ—­: Gemma Lee κ²€ν† : Moon ryoung Heo
μ €λŠ” μ—¬λŸ¬λΆ„κ»˜
00:13
I would like to share with you a new model of higher education,
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λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑의 μƒˆλ‘œμš΄ λͺ¨λΈμ„ μ†Œκ°œν•΄λ“œλ¦¬κ³  μ‹ΆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
00:17
a model that, once expanded,
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이 λͺ¨λΈμ΄ ν™•μž₯되면
00:20
can enhance the collective intelligence
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수백만의 창의적이고 μ˜μš•μ μΈ μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ˜
00:22
of millions of creative and motivated individuals
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집단지성을 높일 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
그렇지 μ•ŠμœΌλ©΄ 이 μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ€ λ’€μ²˜μ Έ μžˆμ—ˆμ„ κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
00:27
that otherwise would be left behind.
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세상을 λ³΄μ„Έμš”.
00:30
Look at the world.
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ν•œ 곳을 골라 μžμ„Ένžˆ λ³΄μ‹­μ‹œμ˜€.
00:32
Pick a place and focus on it.
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00:34
You will find humans chasing higher education.
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μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ΄ λŒ€ν•™κ΅μœ‘μ„ μ’‡κ³  μžˆλŠ” κ±Έ 보싀 수 μžˆμ„ κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
κ·Έ μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ˜ 일뢀λ₯Ό λ§Œλ‚˜λ³΄μ‹œμ£ .
00:39
Let's meet some of them.
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패트릭.
00:41
Patrick.
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00:42
Patrick was born in Liberia to a family of 20 children.
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νŒ¨νŠΈλ¦­μ€ λΌμ΄λ² λ¦¬μ•„μ—μ„œ νƒœμ–΄λ‚¬κ³ 
ν˜•μ œκ°€ 20λͺ…μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
내전이 μΌμ–΄λ‚œ λ™μ•ˆ 그와 그의 가쑱은
00:48
During the civil war,
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he and his family were forced to flee to Nigeria.
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λ‚˜μ΄μ§€λ¦¬μ•„λ‘œ ν”Όλ‚œμ„ κ°€μ•Ό ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
00:54
There, in spite of his situation,
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κ·Έκ°€ μ²˜ν•œ 상황에도 λΆˆκ΅¬ν•˜κ³ 
00:57
he graduated high school with nearly perfect grades.
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κ·ΈλŠ” 거의 μ™„λ²½ν•œ μ„±μ μœΌλ‘œ 고등학ꡐλ₯Ό μ‘Έμ—…ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:01
He wanted to continue to higher education,
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κ·ΈλŠ” λŒ€ν•™μ„ κ°€κ³  μ‹Άμ—ˆμ§€λ§Œ,
01:04
but due to his family living on the poverty line,
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그의 가쑱이
λΉˆκ³€ν•œ μƒν™œμ„ ν–ˆκΈ°μ—
01:07
he was soon sent to South Africa
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κ·ΈλŠ” 곧 λ‚¨μ•„ν”„λ¦¬μΉ΄λ‘œ κ°€μ„œ
일을 ν•΄ λˆμ„ λ²Œμ–΄
01:10
to work and send back money to feed his family.
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가쑱을 λ¨Ήμ—¬ μ‚΄λ €μ•Ό ν–ˆμ£ .
01:15
Patrick never gave up his dream of higher education.
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νŒ¨νŠΈλ¦­μ€ κ²°μ½” λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑의 κΏˆμ„ ν¬κΈ°ν•˜μ§€ μ•Šμ•˜μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:18
Late at night, after work,
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일을 끝내고 밀늦게
01:21
he surfed the net, looking for ways to study.
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κ·ΈλŠ” 곡뢀할 방법을 μ°ΎκΈ° μœ„ν•΄ 인터넷을 κ²€μƒ‰ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:25
Meet Debbie.
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데비λ₯Ό λ§Œλ‚˜λ³΄μ‹œμ£ .
λ°λΉ„λŠ” ν”Œλ‘œλ¦¬λ‹€ μΆœμ‹ μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:27
Debbie is from Florida.
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01:29
Her parents didn't go to college, and neither did any of her siblings.
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κ·Έλ…€μ˜ λΆ€λͺ¨λ‹˜μ€ λŒ€ν•™μ— 가지 μ•Šμ•˜κ³ 
κ·Έλ…€μ˜ ν˜•μ œ 쀑 λˆ„κ΅¬λ„ λŒ€ν•™μ— 가지 μ•Šμ•˜μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:34
Debbie has worked all her life,
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λ°λΉ„λŠ” 평생 μΌν–ˆκ³ 
01:38
pays taxes, supports herself month to month,
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μ„ΈκΈˆμ„ λ‚΄λ©° 닀달이 슀슀둜 λ²Œμ–΄ μƒν™œν•˜λ©°
01:41
proud of the American dream,
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μ–΄λ–€ κΏˆμ΄λ“  μ΄λ£¨μ–΄μ§„λ‹€λŠ” 생각을 μžλž‘μŠ€λŸ½κ²Œ μ—¬κ²ΌμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:44
a dream that just won't be complete without higher education.
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λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받지 μ•Šκ³ μ„ 
μ™„μ„±λ˜μ§€ μ•ŠλŠ” κΏˆμ΄μ—ˆμ£ .
01:48
But Debbie doesn't have the savings for higher education.
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ν•˜μ§€λ§Œ λ°λΉ„λŠ” λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„
λ°›λŠ” 데 ν•„μš”ν•œ 돈이 μ—†μ—ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
01:52
She can't pay the tuition.
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κ·Έλ…€λŠ” μˆ˜μ—…λ£Œλ₯Ό λ‚Ό 수 μ—†μ—ˆκ³ 
01:54
Neither could she leave work.
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일을 κ·Έλ§Œλ‘˜ μˆ˜λ„ μ—†μ—ˆμ£ .
μ™€μ—˜μ„ λ§Œλ‚˜λ³΄μ‹œμ£ .
01:58
Meet Wael.
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01:59
Wael is from Syria.
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μ™€μ—˜μ€ μ‹œλ¦¬μ•„ μΆœμ‹ μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
02:01
He's experiencing firsthand
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κ·ΈλŠ” μžμ‹ μ˜ λ‚˜λΌμ—
02:05
the misery, fear and failure imposed on his country.
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λ‹₯쳐온 λΆˆν–‰, 곡포, μ‹€νŒ¨λ₯Ό
λͺΈμ†Œ κ²½ν—˜ν•˜κ³  μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
02:10
He's a big believer in education.
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κ·ΈλŠ” κ΅μœ‘μ„ ꡳ게 λ―ΏμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
02:13
He knew that if he could find an opportunity for higher education,
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κ·Έκ°€ λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받을
κΈ°νšŒκ°€ 생긴닀면,
02:17
an opportunity to get ahead of the rest,
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λ‹€λ₯Έ μ‚¬λžŒλ³΄λ‹€ μ•žμ„œ 갈 κΈ°νšŒκ°€ μžˆλ‹€λ©΄,
ν˜Όλž€μŠ€λŸ° μ‚¬νšŒμ—μ„œ
02:20
he has a better chance to survive in a world turned upside down.
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살아남을 κΈ°νšŒκ°€ 더 μžˆλ‹€λŠ” κ±Έ μ•Œκ³  μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
02:26
The higher education system
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λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑 μ‹œμŠ€ν…œμ€
02:29
failed Patrick, Debbie and Wael,
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패트릭, 데비, μ™€μ—˜μ„
02:32
exactly as it is failing millions of potential students --
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μ’Œμ ˆν•˜κ²Œ ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€. λ§ˆμ°¬κ°€μ§€λ‘œ
수백만의 잠재적인 학생듀도 μ’Œμ ˆν•˜κ²Œ ν•œ κ²ƒμ²˜λŸΌμš”.
02:37
millions that graduate high school,
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고등학ꡐλ₯Ό μ‘Έμ—…ν•œ 수백만 λͺ…,
02:40
millions that are qualified for higher education,
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λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받을 자격이 λ˜λŠ” 수백만 λͺ…,
02:43
millions that want to study yet cannot access it for various reasons.
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수백만 λͺ…이 곡뢀λ₯Ό ν•˜κ³  μ‹Άμ§€λ§Œ
μ—¬λŸ¬ 가지 κΉŒλ‹­ λ•Œλ¬Έμ— ν•  수 μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
02:49
First: financial.
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μ²«μ§ΈλŠ” 경제적인 κΉŒλ‹­μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
02:52
Universities are expensive; we all know it.
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λŒ€ν•™μ€ λΉ„μ‹Έκ³  우리 λͺ¨λ‘ κ·Έ 사싀을 μ•Œκ³  있죠.
02:55
In large parts of the world,
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세계 μ—¬λŸ¬ μ§€μ—­μ—μ„œ
02:57
higher education is unattainable for an average citizen.
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평균적인 μ‹œλ―Όλ“€μ€
λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받을 수 μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:02
This is probably the biggest problem facing our society.
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이것이 μ–΄μ©Œλ©΄ 우리 μ‚¬νšŒκ°€
가진 κ°€μž₯ 큰 문제일 κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:06
Higher education stopped being a right for all
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λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ€ λͺ¨λ‘λ₯Ό μœ„ν•œ κΆŒλ¦¬κ°€ λ˜μ§€ λͺ»ν•˜κ³ 
03:10
and became a privilege for the few.
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μ†Œμˆ˜λ₯Ό μœ„ν•œ 특ꢌ이 λ˜μ—ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:13
Second: cultural.
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두 λ²ˆμ§ΈλŠ” λ¬Έν™”μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받을 자격이 λ˜λŠ” 학생듀은
03:18
Students who are qualified for higher education
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03:20
can afford -- want to study -- cannot,
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경제적으둜 μ—¬μœ κ°€ 있고 곡뢀λ₯Ό ν•˜κ³  μ‹Άμ§€λ§Œ ν•  수 μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:24
because it is not decent, it is not a place for a woman.
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μ™œλƒν•˜λ©΄, μ μ ˆν•˜μ§€ μ•ŠκΈ° λ•Œλ¬Έμ΄κ³ 
여성을 μœ„ν•œ 곳이 μ•„λ‹ˆκΈ° λ•Œλ¬Έμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
이것은 예λ₯Ό λ“€λ©΄ μ•„ν”„λ¦¬μΉ΄μ˜
03:31
This is the story of countless women in Africa, for example,
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μˆ˜λ§Žμ€ 여성이 κ²ͺλŠ” 이야기인데
03:35
prevented from higher education because of cultural barriers.
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그듀은 문화적인 μž₯λ²½ λ•Œλ¬Έμ—
λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받지 λͺ»ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:39
And here comes the third reason:
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그리고 μ„Έ 번째 μ΄μœ λŠ” μ—¬κΈ° μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:42
UNESCO stated that in 2025,
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μœ λ„€μŠ€μ½”κ°€ λ°œν‘œν•˜κΈ°λ₯Ό 2025λ…„μ—λŠ”
03:45
100 million students will be deprived of higher education,
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1μ–΅ λͺ…μ˜ 학생듀이
λŒ€ν•™ κ΅μœ‘μ„ 받지 λͺ»ν•  거라고 ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:51
simply because there will not be enough seats to accommodate them,
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그듀을 μˆ˜μš©ν•  μžλ¦¬κ°€ μΆ©λΆ„ν•˜μ§€ μ•Šκ³ ,
μˆ˜μš”λ₯Ό 감당할 수 μ—†κΈ° λ•Œλ¬Έμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
03:56
to meet the demand.
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03:58
They will take a placement test, they will pass it,
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그듀은 배치 고사λ₯Ό 치λ₯Ό ν…Œκ³ 
합격을 ν•˜κ² μ§€λ§Œ,
04:01
but they still won't have access, because there are no places available.
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λŒ€ν•™μ— λ“€μ–΄κ°ˆ μˆ˜λŠ” 없을 κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
μ™œλƒν•˜λ©΄, μžλ¦¬κ°€ μ—†μœΌλ‹ˆκΉŒμš”.
04:07
These are the reasons I founded University of the People,
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이런 이유둜
μ €λŠ” μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ˜ λŒ€ν•™μ„ μ„€λ¦½ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
λΉ„μ˜λ¦¬μ΄λ©° μˆ˜μ—…λ£Œκ°€ 무료이고
04:12
a nonprofit, tuition-free, degree-granting university
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ν•™μœ„κ°€ λ‚˜μ˜€λŠ” λŒ€ν•™μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
λŒ€μ•ˆμ„ μ£ΌκΈ° μœ„ν•΄μ„œ,
04:17
to give an alternative,
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04:18
to create an alternative, to those who have no other;
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λ‹€λ₯Έ 방법이 μ—†λŠ” μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ—κ²Œ λŒ€μ•ˆμ„ λ§Œλ“€μ–΄ μ£ΌκΈ° μœ„ν•΄μ„œμ£ .
04:22
an alternative that will be affordable and scalable,
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κ·Έ λŒ€μ•ˆμ€ 가격이 μ λ‹Ήν•˜κ³ 
μœ λ™μ μ΄λ©°
04:27
an alternative that will disrupt the current education system,
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ν˜„μž¬μ˜ ꡐ윑 μ‹œμŠ€ν…œμ„
κ΅λž€μ‹œν‚€λ©°
04:33
and open the gates to higher education for every qualified student
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자격이 λ˜λŠ” λͺ¨λ“  ν•™μƒλ“€μ—κ²Œ
λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑의 문을 μ—΄μ–΄μ€λ‹ˆλ‹€.
04:37
regardless of what they earn, where they live,
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학생듀이 μ–Όλ§ˆλ‚˜ λ²Œλ“ μ§€, 어디에 살든지,
04:42
or what society says about them.
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μ‚¬νšŒκ°€ 그듀을 μ–΄λ–»κ²Œ μ–˜κΈ°ν•˜λ“  상관없이 λ§μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
04:45
Patrick, Debbie and Wael
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패트릭, 데비, μ™€μ—˜μ€
04:47
are only three examples out of the 1,700 accepted students
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143개 κ΅­κ°€μ—μ„œ 온
1,700λͺ…μ˜ 학생듀 κ°€μš΄λ° μ˜ˆμ‹œλ‘œ
04:51
from 143 countries.
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3λͺ…λ§Œ 보여쀀 κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
μš°λ¦¬λŠ” (λ°•μˆ˜) κ°μ‚¬ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
04:55
(Applause)
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04:56
Thank you.
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04:58
(Applause)
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05:00
We didn't need to reinvent the wheel.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” 쓸데없이 μ‹œκ°„μ„ λ‚­λΉ„ν•  ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:02
We just looked at what wasn't working
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” μ œλŒ€λ‘œ κ΅΄λŸ¬κ°€μ§€ μ•ŠλŠ” 곳을 보고
05:04
and used the amazing power of the Internet
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그것을 κ·Ήλ³΅ν•˜κΈ° μœ„ν•΄
05:07
to get around it.
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μΈν„°λ„·μ˜ λ†€λΌμš΄ νž˜μ„ μΌμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:09
We set out to build a model
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑의 λΉ„μš©μ„
05:12
that will cut down almost entirely the cost of higher education.
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거의 μ™„μ „νžˆ 삭감할
λͺ¨λΈμ„ λ§Œλ“€κ³ μž ν–ˆκ³ 
05:17
And that's how we did it.
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그것이 μš°λ¦¬κ°€ ν•œ λ°©λ²•μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:19
First, bricks and mortar cost money.
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첫째둜 건물은 돈이 λ“­λ‹ˆλ‹€.
λŒ€ν•™λ“€μ€ λΉ„μš©μ΄ λ“€μ–΄κ°€μ§€λ§Œ,
05:23
Universities have expenses that virtual universities don't.
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가상 λŒ€ν•™λ“€μ€ 그렇지 μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:28
We don't need to pass these expenses on to our students.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ λΉ„μš©μ„
ν•™μƒλ“€μ—κ²Œ λΆ€λ‹΄μ‹œν‚¬ ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
λΉ„μš©μ΄ μ‘΄μž¬ν•˜μ§€ μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:32
They don't exist.
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05:33
We also don't need to worry about capacity.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” 수용 인원에 λŒ€ν•΄μ„œλ„ κ±±μ •ν•  ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:36
There are no limits of seats in virtual university.
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가상 λŒ€ν•™μ—λŠ”
자릿수의 μ œν•œμ΄ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:40
Actually, nobody needs to stand at the back of the lecture hall.
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사싀 λˆ„κ΅¬λ„ κ°•μ˜μ‹€ 뒀에
μ„œ μžˆμ„ ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:45
Textbooks are also something our students don't need to buy.
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κ΅μž¬λ„ 학생듀이
μ‚΄ ν•„μš”κ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
05:49
By using open educational resources
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μ—΄λ¦° ꡐ윑 μžμ›μ„ μ‚¬μš©ν•¨μœΌλ‘œμ¨
05:52
and the generosity of professors
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그리고 μˆ˜μ—…μžλ£Œλ₯Ό 무료둜
05:55
who are putting their material up free and accessible,
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μ‰½κ²Œ μ ‘κ·Όν•  수 있게
μ˜¬λ¦¬λŠ” κ΅μˆ˜λ‹˜λ“€μ˜ λ„ˆκ·ΈλŸ¬μ›€ 덕택에
05:59
we don't need to send our students to buy textbooks.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” ꡐ재λ₯Ό 사라고 학생듀을 보내지 μ•Šμ•„λ„ λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
06:02
All of our materials come free.
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μš°λ¦¬κ°€ μ“°λŠ” λͺ¨λ“  μž¬λ£Œκ°€ λ¬΄λ£Œμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
06:05
Even professors,
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κ΅μˆ˜λ‹˜λ“€λ„
06:07
the most expensive line in any university balance sheet,
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λŒ€ν•™μ˜ λŒ€μ°¨λŒ€μ‘°ν‘œμ—μ„œ κ°€μž₯ λΉ„μ‹Ό 뢀뢄을 차지함에도
06:11
come free to our students.
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우리 학생듀을 μœ„ν•΄ 무료둜 μ˜΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
06:12
Over 3,000 of them,
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3천 λͺ… μ΄μƒμ˜ κ΅μˆ˜λ‹˜λ“€μ΄
06:15
including presidents, vice chancellors, professors and academic advisers
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총μž₯, 뢀총μž₯,
κ΅μˆ˜μ™€ 지도 ꡐ수λ₯Ό ν¬ν•¨ν•œ 뢄듀이
06:21
from top universities such as NYU, Yale, Berkeley and Oxford,
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λ‰΄μš• λŒ€ν•™, 예일, 버클리, μ˜₯μŠ€νΌλ“œμ™€ 같은
졜고 λŒ€ν•™μ—μ„œ
06:27
came on board to help our students.
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우리 학생듀을 도와주렀고 μ°Έμ—¬ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
06:30
Finally, is our belief in peer-to-peer learning.
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끝으둜, λ™λ£Œ κ°„ ν•™μŠ΅μ„ λ―ΏμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
06:34
We use this sound pedagogical model
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” μ΄λ ‡κ²Œ λ°”λžŒμ§ν•œ ꡐ윑 λͺ¨λΈμ„ 톡해
06:37
to encourage our students from all over the world
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μ „ μ„Έκ³„μ—μ„œ 온 학생듀이
06:40
to interact and study together,
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μ„œλ‘œ ꡐλ₯˜ν•˜λ©° ν•¨κ»˜ κ³΅λΆ€ν•˜λ„λ‘ μž₯λ €ν•˜λ©°
06:42
and also to reduce the time our professors need
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κ΅μˆ˜λ“€μ΄ 과제λ₯Ό μ„€λͺ…ν•˜λŠ”λ°
λ“œλŠ” μ‹œκ°„λ„ μ€„μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
06:47
to labor over class assignments.
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인터넷이 μ§€κ΅¬μ΄Œμ„ λ§Œλ“€μ—ˆλ‹€λ©΄
06:53
If the Internet has made us a global village,
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06:58
this model can develop its future leadership.
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이 λͺ¨λΈμ€ 미래의 리더쉽을 κ³„λ°œν•  수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:02
Look how we do it.
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μš°λ¦¬κ°€ μ–΄λ–»κ²Œ ν•˜λŠ”μ§€ λ³΄μ‹œμ£ .
07:04
We only offer two programs:
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” 두 가지 ν”„λ‘œκ·Έλž¨λ§Œ μ œκ³΅ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:07
business administration and computer science,
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κ²½μ˜ν•™κ³Ό 컴퓨터 곡학,
07:09
the two programs most in demand worldwide,
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이 두 ν”„λ‘œκ·Έλž¨μ€
μ„Έκ³„μ μœΌλ‘œ κ°€μž₯ μˆ˜μš”κ°€ 많고
07:13
the two programs that are likeliest to help our students find a job.
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두 ν”„λ‘œκ·Έλž¨μ€ 학생듀이
일자리λ₯Ό μ°ΎλŠ” 데 κ°€μž₯ λ§Žμ€ 도움을 쀄 κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:19
When our students are accepted,
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학생듀을 λ°›μœΌλ©΄
07:22
they are placed in a small classroom of 20 to 30 students,
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20-30λͺ…μœΌλ‘œ 된
μž‘μ€ λ°˜μ„ κΎΈλ €μ„œ
07:28
to ensure that those who need personalized attention get it.
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개인적인 관심이 ν•„μš”ν•œ 학생듀은 κ·Έλ ‡κ²Œ ν•  수 μžˆλ„λ‘ λ§Œλ“­λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:32
Moreover, for every nine-week course, they meet a new peer,
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λ”μš±μ΄ 9주의 κ³Όμ •λ§ˆλ‹€
μƒˆλ‘œμš΄ λ™λ£Œλ₯Ό λ§Œλ‚©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:38
a whole new set of students from all over the world.
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μ „ μ„Έκ³„μ—μ„œ 온
μ™„μ „νžˆ μƒˆλ‘œμš΄ 학생듀이죠.
07:42
Every week, when they go into the classroom,
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맀주 학생듀이 κ΅μ‹€λ‘œ μ ‘μ†ν•˜λ©΄
07:45
they find the lecture notes of the week,
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κ·Έ 주의 κ°•μ˜κ°€ μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:48
the reading assignment, the homework assignment,
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읽기 과제, μˆ™μ œ,
07:50
and the discussion question, which is the core of our studies.
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ν† μ˜ν•  질문인데
그것이 ν•™μŠ΅μ˜ ν•΅μ‹¬μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
07:54
Every week, every student must contribute to the class discussion,
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맀주 λͺ¨λ“  학생이
ν† μ˜μ— μ°Έμ—¬ν•΄μ•Ό ν•˜κ³ 
07:58
and also must comment on the contribution of others.
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λ‹€λ₯Έ ν•™μƒλ“€μ˜ λ°œν‘œμ—
논평해야 ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:03
This way, we open our students' minds,
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이런 μ‹μœΌλ‘œ μš°λ¦¬λŠ” ν•™μƒλ“€μ˜ λ§ˆμŒμ„ μ—΄μ–΄μ„œ
08:06
we develop a positive shift in attitude toward different cultures.
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λ‹€λ₯Έ 문화에 λŒ€ν•œ νƒœλ„μ—μ„œ
κΈμ •μ μœΌλ‘œ μ›€μ§μ΄κ²Œ ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:12
By the end of each week, the students take a quiz,
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맀주가 끝날 λ•Œλ§ˆλ‹€
학생듀은 ν€΄μ¦ˆλ₯Ό ν’€κ³ 
08:15
hand in their homework,
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μˆ™μ œλ₯Ό μ œμΆœν•˜λŠ”λ°
08:17
which are assessed by their peers under the supervision of the instructors,
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이 μˆ™μ œλŠ” κ°•μ‚¬μ˜ μ§€λ„λ‘œ
λ™λ£Œ 학생듀이 ν‰κ°€ν•΄μ„œ
08:22
get a grade, move to the next week.
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점수λ₯Ό λ°›κ³  λ‹€μŒ 주둜 λ„˜μ–΄κ°‘λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:24
By the end of the course, they take the final exam,
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과정이 끝날 무렡 학생듀은 μ΅œμ’… μ‹œν—˜μ„ μ³μ„œ
08:27
get a grade, and follow to the next course.
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점수λ₯Ό λ°›κ³  λ‹€μŒ κ³Όμ •μœΌλ‘œ λ„˜μ–΄κ°€μ£ .
08:32
We open the gates for higher education for every qualified student.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” 자격이 λ˜λŠ” λͺ¨λ“  학생을 μœ„ν•œ
λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑의 문을 μ—΄μ—ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:38
Every student with a high school diploma,
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고등학ꡐ μ‘Έμ—…μž₯이 μžˆλŠ” 학생은 λˆ„κ΅¬λ‚˜
08:41
sufficient English and Internet connection
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μ˜μ–΄λ₯Ό μΆ©λΆ„νžˆ ν•˜κ³  인터넷 μ—°κ²°λ§Œ λœλ‹€λ©΄
08:44
can study with us.
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μš°λ¦¬μ™€ ν•¨κ»˜ 곡뢀할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:46
We don't use audio, we don't use video.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” μŒμ„±μ„ 쓰지 μ•Šκ³  μ˜μƒλ„ 쓰지 μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:49
Broadband is not necessary.
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고속 데이터 톡신망은 ν•„μš”ν•˜μ§€ μ•ŠμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:51
Any student from any part of the world with any Internet connection
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μ „ 세계 μ–΄λ””μ—μ„œ 온 학생이라도
인터넷 μ—°κ²°λ§Œ λœλ‹€λ©΄
08:56
can study with us.
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μš°λ¦¬μ™€ ν•¨κ»˜ 곡뢀할 수 μžˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
08:58
We are tuition free.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” μˆ˜μ—…λ£Œκ°€ μ—†μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
학생듀이 λΆ€λ‹΄ν•˜λŠ” 것은
09:01
All we ask our students to cover is the cost of their exams,
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μ‹œν—˜μ„ μΉ  λ•Œμ˜ λΉ„μš©μΈλ°
09:04
100 dollars per exam.
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μ‹œν—˜λ‹Ή 100λ‹¬λŸ¬μž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:07
A full-time bachelor's degree student taking 40 courses
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μ •κ·œ 학사 κ³Όμ • 학생은
40개의 과정을 λ“€μ–΄μ•Ό ν•˜λŠ”λ°
09:12
will pay 1,000 dollars a year,
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1년에 1,000λ‹¬λŸ¬λ₯Ό λƒ…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:14
4,000 dollars for the entire degree.
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전체 ν•™μœ„μ—λŠ” 4,000 λ‹¬λŸ¬κ°€ λ“€κ³ 
09:17
And for those who cannot afford even this,
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이것도 λ‚Ό 수 μ—†λŠ” 학생듀을 μœ„ν•΄
09:21
we offer them a variety of scholarships.
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λ‹€μ–‘ν•œ μž₯ν•™κΈˆμ„ μ œκ³΅ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:23
It is our mission that nobody will be left behind
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우리의 사λͺ…은 μž¬μ •μ μΈ 이유둜
09:26
for financial reasons.
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λˆ„κ΅¬λ₯Ό λ’€μ²˜μ§€κ²Œ ν•΄μ„œλŠ” μ•ˆ λœλ‹€λŠ” κ²ƒμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:29
With 5,000 students in 2016, this model is financially sustainable.
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2016λ…„ 5,000λͺ…μ˜ ν•™μƒμœΌλ‘œ
이 λͺ¨λΈμ€ 경제적으둜 μœ μ§€κ°€ κ°€λŠ₯ν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:37
Five years ago, it was a vision.
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5λ…„ μ „μ—λŠ” κ³„νšμΌ λΏμ΄μ—ˆμ£ .
09:41
Today, it is a reality.
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μ§€κΈˆμ€ ν˜„μ‹€μ΄ λ˜μ—ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:44
Last month, we got the ultimate academic endorsement to our model.
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μ§€λ‚œλ‹¬ μš°λ¦¬λŠ” μ΅œμ’…μ μœΌλ‘œ 이 λͺ¨λΈμ— λŒ€ν•œ
ν•™μœ„ μŠΉμΈμ„ λ°›μ•˜μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:50
University of the People is now fully accredited.
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μ‚¬λžŒλ“€μ˜ λŒ€ν•™μ€ 이제 μ˜¨μ „νžˆ ν•™μœ„κ°€ μΈμ •λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:54
(Applause)
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(λ°•μˆ˜)
κ³ λ§™μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
09:56
Thank you.
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09:57
(Applause)
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10:01
With this accreditation, it's our time now to scale up.
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μ΄λŸ¬ν•œ 승인으둜
μ΄μ œλŠ” 더 ν™•μž₯ν•  λ•Œμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€.
10:06
We have demonstrated that our model works.
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μš°λ¦¬λŠ” 이 λͺ¨λΈμ΄ κ°€λŠ₯함을 μ„€λͺ…ν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
μ €λŠ” λŒ€ν•™λ“€, 더 μ€‘μš”ν•˜κ²ŒλŠ”
10:10
I invite universities and, even more important,
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10:13
developing countries' governments,
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κ°œλ°œλ„μƒκ΅­λ“€μ˜ μ •λΆ€μ—κ²Œ
이 λͺ¨λΈμ„ 따라 ν•΄μ„œ
10:15
to replicate this model
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λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑의 문이 λ„“κ²Œ 열리도둝
10:17
to ensure that the gates of higher education will open widely.
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λΆ€νƒν–ˆμŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
10:22
A new era is coming --
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μƒˆλ‘œμš΄ μ‹œλŒ€κ°€ 였고 있고
10:24
an era that will witness the disruption of the higher education model
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κ·Έ μ‹œλŒ€λŠ”
μš°λ¦¬κ°€ μ§€κΈˆ μ•Œκ³  μžˆλŠ”
10:29
as we know it today,
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λŒ€ν•™ ꡐ윑 λͺ¨λΈμ˜ κ΅λž€μ„ 보게 될 κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
10:31
from being a privilege for the few
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μ†Œμˆ˜λ₯Ό μœ„ν•œ νŠΉκΆŒμ—μ„œ
10:35
to becoming a basic right, affordable and accessible for all.
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λͺ¨λ‘λ₯Ό μœ„ν•œ 기본적인 ꢌ리,
μ μ ˆν•œ 가격과 λͺ¨λ‘μ— λŒ€ν•œ μ ‘κ·Όμ„±μœΌλ‘œ λ°”λ€” κ²λ‹ˆλ‹€.
10:41
Thank you.
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κ³ λ§™μŠ΅λ‹ˆλ‹€.
10:43
(Applause)
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(λ°•μˆ˜)
이 μ›Ήμ‚¬μ΄νŠΈ 정보

이 μ‚¬μ΄νŠΈλŠ” μ˜μ–΄ ν•™μŠ΅μ— μœ μš©ν•œ YouTube λ™μ˜μƒμ„ μ†Œκ°œν•©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ „ 세계 졜고의 μ„ μƒλ‹˜λ“€μ΄ κ°€λ₯΄μΉ˜λŠ” μ˜μ–΄ μˆ˜μ—…μ„ 보게 될 κ²ƒμž…λ‹ˆλ‹€. 각 λ™μ˜μƒ νŽ˜μ΄μ§€μ— ν‘œμ‹œλ˜λŠ” μ˜μ–΄ μžλ§‰μ„ 더블 ν΄λ¦­ν•˜λ©΄ κ·Έκ³³μ—μ„œ λ™μ˜μƒμ΄ μž¬μƒλ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. λΉ„λ””μ˜€ μž¬μƒμ— 맞좰 μžλ§‰μ΄ μŠ€ν¬λ‘€λ©λ‹ˆλ‹€. μ˜κ²¬μ΄λ‚˜ μš”μ²­μ΄ μžˆλŠ” 경우 이 문의 양식을 μ‚¬μš©ν•˜μ—¬ λ¬Έμ˜ν•˜μ‹­μ‹œμ˜€.

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