Xiye Bastida: If you adults won't save the world, we will | TED

68,417 views ・ 2020-10-20

TED


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翻译人员: Lily Xu 校对人员: Yolanda Zhang
00:13
Dear Abuelita,
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亲爱的外婆,
00:15
I know I haven't been home for a while.
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我知道我已经很久没有回家了。
00:17
You are in our lovely home in Mexico,
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你在我们墨西哥温暖的家里,
00:19
and I'm here in the US,
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而我正在美国,
00:22
fighting for our future.
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为我们的未来而战。
00:23
You're probably watering the roses,
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也许你正在给玫瑰浇水,
00:26
taking care of the peaches
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照顾那些桃树,
00:28
and making sure your turtles are well-fed.
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或是在给你的乌龟喂食。
00:31
That's one of the things I miss the most about home --
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这是我最想念的 关于家乡的事情——
00:34
spending time with the flowers
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身处在花丛之中
00:36
while you tell me stories about your childhood.
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听你讲述你的童年趣事。
00:40
As you know, we have been living in New York City since 2015.
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与您所知,自从 2015 年以来, 我们就一直居住在纽约市。
00:44
But life has completely changed over the past year.
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但是在过去的一年里 我们的生活彻底的改变了。
00:48
At first, New York City was about museums
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以前,纽约市全是博物馆、
00:51
and parks
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公园、
00:52
and school and friends.
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学校和朋友。
00:54
Now it serves as a web
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而如今,它就像一个网络,
00:57
that connects me with all the other people
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把我和所有其他 通过组织运动拯救地球的人
00:59
who are organizing to save the planet.
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联系在了一起。
01:02
You know how it started for me?
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您知道这一切是怎么开始的吗?
01:04
It was Dad and his wisdom.
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是源于爸爸和他的智慧。
01:07
Everything you taught him, he went and taught the world.
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您教给他的一切, 他都教给了全世界。
01:11
All of his words about the responsibility that we have as humans
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他把所有关于我们作为人类
01:16
to live in balance with nature
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应与自然和谐相处的责任
01:18
were passed down to me.
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都传递给了我。
01:20
I noticed the universal disconnect to our planet
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我注意到,人们的生活 与我们的星球是脱节的,
01:24
and remembered what you once told me:
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并想起您曾经告诉过我:
01:26
"Leave everything better than you found it."
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“让一切都比你发现它们时更美好。”
01:30
I know you were talking about the dishes,
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我知道您指的是饭后洗碗,
01:33
but of course, that applies to the planet as well.
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但是当然,对于地球也一样。
01:36
I didn't know what to do at first.
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刚开始,我并不知道 自己应该做些什么。
01:39
The world is so big,
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世界如此辽阔,
01:40
and it has so many bad habits.
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它还有很多的不足之处。
01:42
I didn't know how a 15-year-old was supposed to change anything,
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当时,我完全不知道 一个 15 岁的孩子如何做出改变,
01:47
but I had to try.
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但是我必须去尝试。
01:49
To put this philosophy into practice,
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为了实践这个理念,
01:51
I joined the environmental club at my high school.
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我加入了学校的环境俱乐部。
01:53
However, I noticed that my classmates were talking about recycling
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但是,我注意到同学们 都在谈论环保,
01:58
and watching movies about the ocean.
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或是在看关于海洋的纪录片。
02:00
It was a view of environmentalism
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这迎合了一种无效的
02:03
that was so catered towards an ineffective way of climate activism,
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环保主义观点,
02:07
one that blames the consumer for the climate crisis
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也就是将全球变暖危机的责任
02:11
and preaches that temperatures are going up
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推卸到消费者的身上,
02:13
because we forgot to bring a reusable bag to the store.
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因为我们买菜时 常常忘记使用环保袋。
02:17
You taught me that taking care of Mother Earth
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您教我,保护地球母亲的关键,
02:20
is about every decision that we make as a collective.
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在于我们大家做的每一个选择。
02:25
I am happy to tell you, Abuelita,
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外婆,我很高兴地告诉您,
02:27
that I changed everybody's mind in that club.
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我改变了俱乐部里 每一个人的观点。
02:30
Instead of talking about recycling,
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我们不再只是单纯谈论环保,
02:32
we started to write letters to our politicians
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还开始给政治家写信,
02:35
to ban soft plastic altogether.
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建议禁止使用软塑料。
02:38
And then, the unexpected happened:
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然后,意想不到的事发生了:
02:41
we started striking from school.
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我们从学校开始罢工。
02:45
I know you've probably seen it on the news,
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也许您从电视上看到了,
02:47
and maybe it's not that special anymore.
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也许那并不是一个新鲜事物了。
02:50
But at the time, it was a huge deal, Abuelita.
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但当时,那是一个重大新闻。
02:53
Imagine kids not going to school, because we want people to save the world.
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想象一下,孩子们放弃上学, 只为了号召人们去拯救世界。
02:58
(Video) Crowd: Another world is possible! We are unstoppable!
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(视频)群众: 创造新的世界!我们势不可挡!
03:00
Xiye Bastida: For the first global climate strike,
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巴斯蒂达: 第一场全球气候罢工的组织者
03:03
which was called on by Greta Thunberg,
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是格雷塔·通贝里 (Greta Thunberg),
03:05
I got 600 of my classmates to walk out with me.
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我说服了六百名同学 跟我一起去参加。
03:10
Greta Thunberg is a teenager who first started striking for climate.
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格雷塔·通贝里是最初开始 为了气候而罢工的一名青少年。
03:14
Her boldness inspired me,
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她的魄力启发了我,
03:16
and I was shocked by the realization
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并且我惊奇地发现,
03:19
that youth could turn public opinion on social issues.
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年轻人可以将公众舆论 转移到社会问题上。
03:24
The movement exploded.
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这项运动很快流行起来。
03:25
(Video) Crowd: Shut it down!
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(视频)群众: 关掉它!
03:26
XB: And I became one of the main organizers
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西耶·巴斯达: 而我也成为了这项活动
03:28
for New York, the US and the world.
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在纽约、美国 和全世界的主要组织者之一。
(视频)西耶·巴斯达:我们想要什么? 群众:气候正义!
03:31
(Video) XB: What do we want? Crowd: Climate justice!
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西耶·巴斯达:什么时候? 群众:现在!
03:33
XB: When do we want it? Crowd: Now!
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西耶·巴斯达:我开始谈论 气候正义、原住民权利
03:35
XB: I started speaking up about climate justice and Indigenous rights
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和代际合作。
03:38
and intergenerational cooperation.
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03:40
That was only the beginning, though.
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这一切还只是开始。
03:43
The busiest week of my life
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我人生中最忙碌的一周
03:44
will forever be the week of September 20, 2019.
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将永远是 2019 年 9 月 20 日那周。
03:49
Me and my friends got 300,000 people to strike for climate in New York.
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我和我的朋友说服了 30 万人 参与纽约的气候罢工活动。
03:56
I wish you could have been there.
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我多么希望您当时也在场。
03:57
We walked through Wall Street, demanding climate justice.
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我们走上华尔街, 为气候正义而游行。
04:00
(Video) Crowd: No more coal, no more oil, keep the carbon in the soil!
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(视频)群众:不要煤炭! 不要石油!将碳保留在土壤中!
西耶·巴斯达:同月, 我参加了联合国的气候专委会,
04:03
XB: That same month, I went to the United Nations Climate Summit.
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并在阿尔·戈尔的 讨论小组中发言。
04:07
I spoke on a panel with Al Gore.
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04:09
I met Jay Inslee and Naomi Klein and Bill McKibben
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我遇见了杰伊·因斯利, 娜奥米·克莱因,比尔·麦克基本,
04:13
and the president of the United Nations.
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还有联合国主席。
04:16
It was the most amazing week of my life,
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那是我一生中最精彩的一周,
04:19
because everyone I knew came together --
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因为我认识的每个人 都聚在了一起——
04:22
all my teachers, all my classmates ...
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我所有的老师和同学,
04:24
And even some of my favorite stores closed down to strike for climate.
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甚至我最喜欢的一些商店 也为气候罢工而关闭。
04:30
If you had asked me why I did all of that,
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如果您问我为什么要做这些事情,
04:33
my only answer would be,
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我唯一的答案就是:
04:35
"How could I not?"
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“我怎能视而不见呢?”
04:37
It's been one year since it all started for me,
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这些活动已经持续一年了,
04:41
and it gets a little tiring at times.
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有时会使人精疲力尽。
04:43
But if there is one thing that you taught me, it's resilience.
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但是,假如您只教过我一件事, 那就是持之以恒。
04:47
I remember that you went to Mexico City every day for 30 years
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我记得,您以前为了养家糊口
04:52
to get money for the family.
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每天都去墨西哥城, 坚持了 30 年。
04:54
And I know that Abuelito has been going out for 20 years
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我还知道外公已经连续 20 年,
04:58
to protect sacred land from big companies that want to take it.
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每天都去保护圣地, 阻止想要占领它的大公司。
05:02
A year is nothing
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比起我们家庭所经历的艰辛,
05:03
compared to the struggles that our family has been through.
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这一年并不算什么。
05:06
And if our struggles make the world a better place,
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如果我们的奋斗 可以使这个世界变得更好,
05:10
they will make us better people.
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那么我们也会成为更好的自我。
05:12
There have been some hardships, Abuelita.
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困难无处不在。
05:15
Out there in the world,
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在外面的世界里,
05:16
people expect us kids to know everything,
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人们觉得孩子们应该知道一切,
05:19
or at least they want us to.
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至少他们希望是。
05:21
They ask questions and I give answers,
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他们问问题,我回答,
05:24
as if I really knew how the world works.
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好像我真的明白 这一切是怎么回事似的。
05:26
They want hope, and we give it.
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他们想要希望,我们就要满足。
05:30
I have organized, written, spoken and read about climate and policy
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在过去一年里的每一天,
我组织过、写过、说过,也读过 关于气候和政策的运动和信息。
05:35
almost every day for the past year.
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05:39
And I'm just a little worried
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但是外婆,
05:40
that I won't be able to do enough, Abuelita.
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我还是有点担心 我做的还不够多。
05:44
For me, being 18 years old and trying to save the world
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对我来说,作为一个想要 试图拯救世界的 18 岁青年,
05:48
means being a climate activist.
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意味着成为一个气候活动家。
05:50
Before, maybe it meant studying to be a doctor
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之前,这也许意味着成为一名医生,
05:53
or a politician or a researcher.
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一名政治家,或者科研人员。
05:55
But I can't wait to grow up and become one of those things.
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但是我不能等到长大 再去做那些事情。
05:59
The planet is suffering,
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地球的环境正在持续恶化,
06:01
and we don't have the luxury of time anymore.
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留给我们的时间不多了。
06:05
Saving the world as a teenager means being good with words,
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一个拯救世界的少年 需要擅长演说,
06:09
understanding the science behind the climate crisis,
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了解气候危机背后的科学,
06:12
bringing a unique perspective into the issue to stand out
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将独特的观点带入问题中,
06:15
and forgetting about almost everything else.
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然后把一切不相干的事都忘掉。
06:19
But sometimes, I want to care about other things again.
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但有时候,我也很想 关心那些不相干的事。
06:22
I want to be able to sing and dance and do gymnastics.
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我想去唱歌、跳舞、做体操。
06:26
I truly feel that if all of us took care of the Earth
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我真切的感受到,如果所有人 开始把关心地球的环境
06:30
as a practice,
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作为实践,
06:31
as a culture,
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作为文化,
06:33
none of us would have to be full-time climate activists.
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那么我们就都不必成为 专职的气候活动家。
06:37
When businesses turn sustainable,
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当企业开始注重环保时,
06:39
when the power grid runs on renewable energy,
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当电网开始使用可再生能源时,
06:42
when the school curriculum teaches us
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当学校开始教育我们,
06:45
that taking care of the Earth is part of our humanity,
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关心地球的环境 是人性的一部分时,
06:50
maybe I can do gymnastics once again.
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也许我就可以再次学体操了。
06:52
Don't you think so, Abuelita?
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您认为呢,外婆?
06:54
We can do this.
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我们是可以做到的。
06:56
All I'm trying to do with my work
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我的工作
06:58
is give that optimistic mindset to other people.
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就是将积极的思维带给人们。
07:01
But it's been a little hard.
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但是这个过程有些艰难, 难免充斥着
07:03
There is greed,
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贪婪、
07:05
there's pride,
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骄傲、
07:06
there's money,
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金钱,
07:07
and there's materialism.
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还有物质主义。
07:09
People make it so easy for me to talk to them,
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人们非常欢迎我的发言,
07:12
but they make it so hard for me to teach them.
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却拒绝接受我的建议。
07:16
I want them to have the confidence to always do their best.
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我希望他们有信心永远做到最好。
07:20
I want them to have the heart and the courage
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我希望他们能够真心、勇敢的
07:22
to love the world,
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去爱这个世界——
07:24
just like you taught me.
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就如同您教我的一样。
07:26
I wrote this letter to thank you.
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我写这封信是为了感谢您。
07:28
Thank you for inviting me to love the world
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感谢您从我出生的那刻起
07:31
since the moment I was born.
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就邀请我一起爱这个世界。
07:33
Thank you for laughing at everything.
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谢谢您对每件事都一笑置之。
07:35
Thank you for teaching me
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也谢谢您教导我,
07:37
that hope and optimism are the most powerful tools we have
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不管遇到什么困难,
希望和快乐都是我们 最强有力的工具。
07:41
to tackle any problem.
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07:43
I do this work because you showed me
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我之所以做这一切, 是因为您让我明白,
07:46
that resilience, love and knowledge
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持之以恒、爱和知识
07:48
are enough to make a difference.
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足以催生改变。
07:51
I want to go back to Mexico and visit you.
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我想回墨西哥看您,
07:53
I want to show you the pictures of the things that I have done.
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想给您看我活动的照片,
07:57
I want to show you the climate legislation
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想给您看我们已经被通过的
07:59
that we've been able to pass.
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气候法案。
08:01
I want to smell the flowers
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我想闻闻花香,
08:02
and fight for climate justice alongside you.
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想跟您站在一起, 为气候正义打拼。
08:06
Te quiero mucho.
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(墨西哥语) Te quiero mucho。
08:07
I love you.
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我爱您。
08:08
Xiye.
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西野。
08:10
[Te quiero mucho. Xiye.]
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【爱您的,西野】
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