Xiye Bastida: If you adults won't save the world, we will | TED

68,417 views ・ 2020-10-20

TED


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譯者: Hsin-Hui Lin 審譯者: Amanda Zhu
00:13
Dear Abuelita,
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親愛的阿嬤:
00:15
I know I haven't been home for a while.
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我知道我有一段時間沒回家了。
00:17
You are in our lovely home in Mexico,
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你在我深愛的墨西哥的家裡,
00:19
and I'm here in the US,
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而我在美國這裡,
00:22
fighting for our future.
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為我們的未來打拼。
00:23
You're probably watering the roses,
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你可能正在給玫瑰花澆水、
00:26
taking care of the peaches
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照顧我們的桃子、
00:28
and making sure your turtles are well-fed.
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確定你每一隻烏龜都有吃飽。
00:31
That's one of the things I miss the most about home --
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那些都是我最想念家的地方——
00:34
spending time with the flowers
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一邊玩花花草草、
00:36
while you tell me stories about your childhood.
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一邊聽你說你童年的故事。
00:40
As you know, we have been living in New York City since 2015.
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就像你知道的,我們從 2015 年 就住在紐約市了。
00:44
But life has completely changed over the past year.
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但去年,生活徹底地改變。
00:48
At first, New York City was about museums
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原本的紐約市對我來說 就是參觀博物館、
00:51
and parks
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逛逛公園、
00:52
and school and friends.
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上學和交朋友。
00:54
Now it serves as a web
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現在的紐約市對我來說是一個網絡,
00:57
that connects me with all the other people
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連結了我和其他組織 起來拯救地球的人。
00:59
who are organizing to save the planet.
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01:02
You know how it started for me?
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你知道我是怎麼開始的嗎?
01:04
It was Dad and his wisdom.
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是爸和他的智慧。
01:07
Everything you taught him, he went and taught the world.
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你教他的東西,他繼續教給了全世界。
01:11
All of his words about the responsibility that we have as humans
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他也傳承給我身為人類,
我們應與大自然達成一種平衡的責任。
01:16
to live in balance with nature
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01:18
were passed down to me.
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01:20
I noticed the universal disconnect to our planet
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我發現我們大家正在與地球脫節,
01:24
and remembered what you once told me:
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想起你曾經跟我說的話:
01:26
"Leave everything better than you found it."
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「你碰過的東西要比原先的還要好。」
01:30
I know you were talking about the dishes,
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我知道你那時候指的是碗盤,
01:33
but of course, that applies to the planet as well.
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但這句話當然也適用於我們的星球。
01:36
I didn't know what to do at first.
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一開始,我不知道該怎麼辦。
01:39
The world is so big,
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這個世界這麼大、
01:40
and it has so many bad habits.
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壞習慣這麼多,
01:42
I didn't know how a 15-year-old was supposed to change anything,
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我不知道一個 15 歲的人 能改變什麼,
01:47
but I had to try.
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但我得去嘗試。
01:49
To put this philosophy into practice,
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為了實踐這項理念,
01:51
I joined the environmental club at my high school.
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我加入了高中的環境社。
01:53
However, I noticed that my classmates were talking about recycling
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但我發現我的同學只是談談回收、
01:58
and watching movies about the ocean.
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看看海洋影片。
02:00
It was a view of environmentalism
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這樣的環境保護觀點 不過是對氣候行動主義的交差了事,
02:03
that was so catered towards an ineffective way of climate activism,
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02:07
one that blames the consumer for the climate crisis
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就像將氣候危機的責任 轉嫁到消費者身上,
02:11
and preaches that temperatures are going up
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宣稱氣溫會上升 是因為我們忘了帶購物袋。
02:13
because we forgot to bring a reusable bag to the store.
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02:17
You taught me that taking care of Mother Earth
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你教過我,我們所屬群體 所做的每一個決定,
02:20
is about every decision that we make as a collective.
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都和照顧我們的地球息息相關。
02:25
I am happy to tell you, Abuelita,
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阿嬤,我能很高興地跟你說,
02:27
that I changed everybody's mind in that club.
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我說服了我們社團的所有人。
02:30
Instead of talking about recycling,
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我們不再談論回收,
02:32
we started to write letters to our politicians
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而開始向政治家寫信,
02:35
to ban soft plastic altogether.
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敦促他們全面禁止使用軟質塑料。
02:38
And then, the unexpected happened:
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然後,想不到的事發生了:
02:41
we started striking from school.
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我們開始罷課。
02:45
I know you've probably seen it on the news,
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我猜你可能已經在新聞上看過,
02:47
and maybe it's not that special anymore.
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可能這也已經不是什麼新鮮事,
02:50
But at the time, it was a huge deal, Abuelita.
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但阿嬤,這在當時可是大事一件啊!
02:53
Imagine kids not going to school, because we want people to save the world.
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想想看孩子們不去上學, 是為了要呼籲大家拯救世界。
(影片)群眾:新世界是有可能的! 沒有什麼能阻止我們!
02:58
(Video) Crowd: Another world is possible! We are unstoppable!
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03:00
Xiye Bastida: For the first global climate strike,
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西野.巴斯蒂達: 在第一次由格雷塔·通貝里
號召的全球性氣候抗爭中,
03:03
which was called on by Greta Thunberg,
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03:05
I got 600 of my classmates to walk out with me.
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我找了 600 位同學跟我一起走上街頭。
03:10
Greta Thunberg is a teenager who first started striking for climate.
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格雷塔·通貝里是第一位 為氣候抗爭的青少年,
03:14
Her boldness inspired me,
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她的大膽激勵了我。
03:16
and I was shocked by the realization
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看到青少年也能翻轉 大眾對於社會議題的看法,
03:19
that youth could turn public opinion on social issues.
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著實震撼了我。
03:24
The movement exploded.
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這場運動有爆炸性。
03:25
(Video) Crowd: Shut it down!
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(影片)群眾:停止運作!
03:26
XB: And I became one of the main organizers
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西:我也成了紐約、
03:28
for New York, the US and the world.
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美國及全球的主要籌畫者之一。
03:31
(Video) XB: What do we want? Crowd: Climate justice!
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(影片)西:我們要什麼? 群眾:氣候正義!
03:33
XB: When do we want it? Crowd: Now!
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西:我們什麼時候要? 群眾:現在就要!
西:我開始氣候正義發聲、
03:35
XB: I started speaking up about climate justice and Indigenous rights
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原住民權益及跨世代之間的合作,
03:38
and intergenerational cooperation.
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03:40
That was only the beginning, though.
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但這一切都只是剛開始。
03:43
The busiest week of my life
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我這一生最忙碌的一個禮拜 絕對是 2019 年 9 月 20 號那週。
03:44
will forever be the week of September 20, 2019.
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03:49
Me and my friends got 300,000 people to strike for climate in New York.
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我和朋友策動了三十萬人 上紐約街頭,為氣候抗爭。
03:56
I wish you could have been there.
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真希望你也在場。
03:57
We walked through Wall Street, demanding climate justice.
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我們走過華爾街,要求氣候正義。
04:00
(Video) Crowd: No more coal, no more oil, keep the carbon in the soil!
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(影片)群眾:不要煤碳、 不要石油,讓碳回歸土壤!
04:03
XB: That same month, I went to the United Nations Climate Summit.
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西:同一個月, 我也去了聯合國氣候峰會,
和艾爾.高爾在同一組演講,
04:07
I spoke on a panel with Al Gore.
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04:09
I met Jay Inslee and Naomi Klein and Bill McKibben
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還遇見了傑伊.英斯利、 娜歐米.克萊因、
04:13
and the president of the United Nations.
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比爾.麥奇本以及聯合國主席。
04:16
It was the most amazing week of my life,
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那是我人生中最美好的一週,
04:19
because everyone I knew came together --
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因為所有我認識的人都團結起來——
04:22
all my teachers, all my classmates ...
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我所有的老師、同學,
04:24
And even some of my favorite stores closed down to strike for climate.
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甚至一些我喜歡的店家 也為了氣候抗爭而休息不做生意。
04:30
If you had asked me why I did all of that,
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如果你問我為什麼要做這些,
04:33
my only answer would be,
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我唯一的答案就是:
04:35
"How could I not?"
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「我怎麼能不做?」
04:37
It's been one year since it all started for me,
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從開始到現在已經過了一年,
04:41
and it gets a little tiring at times.
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有的時候我會覺得有點累,
04:43
But if there is one thing that you taught me, it's resilience.
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但你教會我韌性。
04:47
I remember that you went to Mexico City every day for 30 years
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我記得你三十年如一日,
每天都去墨西哥城幫家裡掙錢;
04:52
to get money for the family.
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04:54
And I know that Abuelito has been going out for 20 years
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我也知道阿嬤你二十年來,
04:58
to protect sacred land from big companies that want to take it.
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都在保護聖地不要被財團奪取。
05:02
A year is nothing
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跟我們家經歷過的那些苦難相比,
05:03
compared to the struggles that our family has been through.
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這一年不算什麼。
05:06
And if our struggles make the world a better place,
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而且如果我們的拼搏 能讓這個世界更好,
05:10
they will make us better people.
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我們同時也能成為更好的人。
05:12
There have been some hardships, Abuelita.
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阿嬤,這過程中還是有一些困難的。
05:15
Out there in the world,
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在外面的世界,
05:16
people expect us kids to know everything,
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人們期待我們這些小孩懂所有事情,
05:19
or at least they want us to.
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或至少期待我們這樣做。
05:21
They ask questions and I give answers,
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他們問我問題、我回答他們,
05:24
as if I really knew how the world works.
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就好像我真的知道 這世界怎麼運作一樣;
05:26
They want hope, and we give it.
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他們想要希望,我們也給了。
05:30
I have organized, written, spoken and read about climate and policy
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過去一年裡,幾乎每一天我都在組織、
撰寫、演講、閱讀氣候及相關政策。
05:35
almost every day for the past year.
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05:39
And I'm just a little worried
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可是我有點煩惱,阿嬤,
05:40
that I won't be able to do enough, Abuelita.
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擔心我做得不夠。
05:44
For me, being 18 years old and trying to save the world
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對我來說,要在 18 歲的 年紀拯救世界,
05:48
means being a climate activist.
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就意謂著要成為氣候行動份子。
05:50
Before, maybe it meant studying to be a doctor
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以前,那可能代表要讀書成為醫師、
05:53
or a politician or a researcher.
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政治家或研究學者,
05:55
But I can't wait to grow up and become one of those things.
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但我等不了長大成為那些人。
05:59
The planet is suffering,
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這個星球正在受苦,
06:01
and we don't have the luxury of time anymore.
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我們不再有充裕的時間。
06:05
Saving the world as a teenager means being good with words,
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以青少年姿態拯救世界 代表要擅長語言表達、
06:09
understanding the science behind the climate crisis,
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了解氣候危機背後的科學機制、
06:12
bringing a unique perspective into the issue to stand out
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為議題帶入獨特的觀點來令人關注,
06:15
and forgetting about almost everything else.
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然後捨棄剩下的所有事情。
06:19
But sometimes, I want to care about other things again.
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只是有的時候, 我也想再次關心別的事情;
06:22
I want to be able to sing and dance and do gymnastics.
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我也想唱歌、跳舞、做做體操。
06:26
I truly feel that if all of us took care of the Earth
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我真心的認為,
如果我們大家都能將照護地球 當作日常生活的一部分,
06:30
as a practice,
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06:31
as a culture,
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並視其為文化的一部份,
06:33
none of us would have to be full-time climate activists.
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就不會有人需要當全職氣候抗爭者了。
06:37
When businesses turn sustainable,
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當企業轉為永續、
06:39
when the power grid runs on renewable energy,
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當電網使用可再生能源、
06:42
when the school curriculum teaches us
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當學校課表教我們 照顧地球是人文的一種表現,
06:45
that taking care of the Earth is part of our humanity,
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06:50
maybe I can do gymnastics once again.
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或許我就可以再次做我的體操。
06:52
Don't you think so, Abuelita?
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你難道不這樣覺得嗎,阿嬤?
06:54
We can do this.
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我們是可以做到的。
06:56
All I'm trying to do with my work
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我的工作就是 傳遞這些正向思維給人們。
06:58
is give that optimistic mindset to other people.
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07:01
But it's been a little hard.
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但最近感到有些艱難。
07:03
There is greed,
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貪婪、
07:05
there's pride,
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驕傲、
07:06
there's money,
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錢還有物質主義。
07:07
and there's materialism.
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07:09
People make it so easy for me to talk to them,
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人們輕易地與我對話,
07:12
but they make it so hard for me to teach them.
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卻不輕易給我教導他們的機會。
07:16
I want them to have the confidence to always do their best.
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如同你教我的一樣,
我希望他們有自信 來永遠盡自己最大努力,
07:20
I want them to have the heart and the courage
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希望他們有心和有勇氣去愛這個世界。
07:22
to love the world,
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07:24
just like you taught me.
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07:26
I wrote this letter to thank you.
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我寫這封信是為了謝謝你。
07:28
Thank you for inviting me to love the world
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謝謝你從我出生那刻起,
07:31
since the moment I was born.
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就邀請我一起愛這個世界;
07:33
Thank you for laughing at everything.
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謝謝你對每件事都微笑以對;
07:35
Thank you for teaching me
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謝謝你教會我,
07:37
that hope and optimism are the most powerful tools we have
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希望與樂觀是解決任何問題 最強大的工具。
07:41
to tackle any problem.
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07:43
I do this work because you showed me
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我做這件事,
是因為你讓我知道韌性、 愛和知識足以做出貢獻。
07:46
that resilience, love and knowledge
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07:48
are enough to make a difference.
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07:51
I want to go back to Mexico and visit you.
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我想回墨西哥找你、
07:53
I want to show you the pictures of the things that I have done.
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想給你看我活動的相片、
07:57
I want to show you the climate legislation
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想給你看因為我們而通過的氣候法案、
07:59
that we've been able to pass.
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08:01
I want to smell the flowers
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想聞聞花香、
08:02
and fight for climate justice alongside you.
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想跟你站在一起,為氣候正義打拼。
08:06
Te quiero mucho.
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我好愛你。
08:07
I love you.
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我愛你。
08:08
Xiye.
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西野。
08:10
[Te quiero mucho. Xiye.]
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【我好愛你。西野。】
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